Descriptions and articles about the Akee, scientifically known as Blighia sapida in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Overview; Brief Summary; Molecular Bio. Blighia sapida (Sapindaceae). Common Names. English: ackee, akee. Spanish: akí, seso vegetal. French: aki, arbre fricassé. Portuguese: castanheiro do Africa. Originating in tropical West Africa, the Ackee tree is cultivated for its fruit which are cooked and eaten as a vegetable. It is now widely.

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Blighia sapida (PROTA) – PlantUse English

Clarendon Press, Oxford, United Kingdom. Propagation and Culture Ackee is propagated by seeds, cuttings or grafting. Ripe akee seeds with their arils, one whole dorsal viewone in longitudinal section Photograph by: Two other species of the genus Blighiaboth from tropical Africa, are B.

Genus name honors Captain William Blighcaptain of the Bounty. However, it is currently allowed, provided glighia the amount of hypoglycin present meets the standards of the Food and Drug Administration.

The wood is also used as firewood and for charcoal production. It is recommended to transplant in full sunlight and at a spacing of 4 m for timber production and 6—9 m for fruit production. The natural habitat of sapica species is obscured by the common planting around villages and further spread from there into the forest.

More pharmacological studies are recommended in view of the wide applications of different plant parts in traditional medicine. An ink for tattoos is made from the seeds.


Hypoglycemia and depression of the central nervous system are common. Blighia sapida Blighia sapida. National Symbols of Jamaica. It is commonly planted in its natural area of distribution, as fruit tree and ornamental shade tree.

It does not tolerate waterlogged soils and cannot withstand flooding. It does not tolerate waterlogged soils and cannot withstand flooding. Importation of ackee to the United States was prohibited from tobut sapid now permitted. Blighia sapida can be distinguished from the other two species by its large fruits with rounded lobes.

The Jamaican vomiting sickness is associated with this compound and is characterized by vomiting, generalized weakness, altered consciousness and sometimes even death. A revised version of Nigerian treesby Keay, R.

Blighia sapida

The fruit is pear-shaped. Unripe, unopened fruit or fruit that have opened and fallen to the ground are considered a poison risk and are not to be consumed. Blighia sapida Sapindaceae, Blighia sapida, Akee, In Togo, decoctions of bark or fruit walls are applied to wounds, and the fruit pulp to treat whitlow. All parts of the fruit are poisonous, yet the arils are eaten in some countries, particularly in Jamaica where it has been adopted as the national fruit.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The consumption of unripe seed arils has probably caused many cases of encephalopathy in children in Burkina Faso and other West African countries.

Canned arils form the major product, in about 1. Sapiida containing plants. Performs best on free-draining clay-loam, loam and sandy-loam soils of a moderately acid to slightly alkaline nature, generally with a pH of 5.

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Research in Benin showed that Blighia sapida has moderate levels of genetic diversity in Benin and little differentiation among populations and climatic zones. They are not largely consumed in Africa, but considered a delicacy in some other parts of the world where Blighia sapida has been introduced.

Blighia sapida / IPlantz

Publisher Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew. It is considered useful for soil improvement and erosion control. It is moderately sapidq and hard. The seed oil is promising for industrial use, especially as lubricant and speciality surfactant.

Common name of ackee is derived from the Spida African akye fufo. It is suitable for interior trim, joinery and railway sleepers. Archived from the original on 18 May Several distinct clones have been identified in Jamaica, but named cultivars are not known. It prefers fertile soils and full sun, from sea level to 3, feet m elevation.

There are book citations related to Blighia sapida K. Nutritional composition per g ackee fruit. Crushed immature fruits produce foam, which is used as soap. However, the arils of unripe seeds are toxic, as well as the seeds. Wood of Blighia sapida is currently not commercially important, but it is a multipurpose tree, being a source of edible fruits arils and traditional medicine, and being popular for planting as ornamental shade tree.